BackgroundCatherine Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe were the leaders during the mid 19th century in the field of domestic science. With the coming in to force of the Morrill Act of 1862, domestic science got formal recognition in colleges and universities in the country. In fact the study courses were a combination of agriculture for the husband and domestic science for the wife.Many locations like Nebraska, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota took the lead in starting the family and consumer science courses in their educational curriculums. Finally the home economics movement commenced with Ellen Swallow Richards in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who also became its first female instructor. With the passage of time the subject became a common feature in most of the colleges as well as for online degrees.Multi-Discipline SubjectMultiple disciplines constitute the job for which formal training are provided in many universities. Consumer science, human development, nutrition and related issues, parenting, interior design, and textiles are all wings of the parent subject of family and consumer science. A host of other subjects are related as well. An important aspect is that the subject is taught as one of the electives and is also one of the most required courses in entire North American continent.Academic RequirementsStudents have to undergo a preparatory program in high school with active participation. In the process they may join the Future Homemakers of America, 4-H club, as well as such organization. Fields in which one can get a degree includes human development, fashion design, textiles, nutrition, food science, consumer economics, parenting, family finance, relationship, and family. Majors in the Profession and AssociationsModern family and consumer science professionals work with people in all age groups including children, senior citizens, and middle aged ones. Nutrition, consumer specialization, housing, and textile specializations are popular among a host of subjects coming within the ambits of the broad subject of family and consumer science. Objective always is ensuring quality life for individual, families, as well as communities. American Association of Family and Consumer Sconces (AAFCS), Association for Career and Technical Education (ACTE) with three divisions NATFACS, NATEFACS, and MASAFACS are the major associations.Job SpecificationTeachers in family and consumer science teach about home management, nutrition, menu planning, and clothing care, preparation of food and money management and try to create awareness among people in all age groups. Colleges, private and parochial schools offer family and consumer science jobs for candidates.
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